Digital sovereignty. 5 years after ITU

Date: Tuesday, March 6, 2018
Time: 03:45 - 04:45 PM
Room: Flyover Front
Skill Level: Intermediate
Language: English
Duration: 1 hour(s)
Format: Internet Freedom: Present and Future
Presenter: Sarkis Darbinyan
Other Presenters: Maarit Palovirta - ISOC Rafal Rohozinski - SecDev Foundation Tattu Mambetalieva - GIPI Alexandra Kulikova - ICANN
The split of the world community occurred in December 2012 at the ITU conference in Dubai. The members of the International Telecommunication Union did not share a common position on digital sovereignty. Russia, the CIS countries, China, the Middle East and Latin America countries, voted to define the digital boundaries of each country in the network, which led to the emergence of a number of national restricting laws for Internet regulation. Arguments for digital sovereignty are as follows: - extreme measures in the context of information warfare - confrontation with the United States, which has monopolized the Internet, and has become threat to national sovereignty - fight against international terrorism - child protection - protection of the national output and the economy of the country Characteristics of countries aimed at achieving full digital sovereignty: requiring the localization of IT-business (opening a representative office, transferring the servers); taxing foreign companies providing services to citizens (VAT, income tax); posing non-tariff barriers to trade restricting access to certain foreign websites and entire platforms; setting up a clear system of cross-border traffic transfer; supporting national firewalls; requiring all major international companies to cooperate with national law enforcement agencies directly; having own ideological and content policy for citizens creating own (or duplicating) critical infrastructure and developing intranets; declaring course on equipment and content import substitution declaring cryptocurrency a monetary surrogate and prohibiting free circulation of block-tokens; We would like to discuss the toxic effect of digital sovereignty and how it influens on digital rights of netizens.
Target Audience:
this session is for the advocates, lawyers and digital rights activists
Desired Outcome:
We would like to get answers for some questions: - Can the attempt of the state authorities of different countries to create jurisdictional borders in the network and determine the digital sovereignty be explained or is the necessity of these borders just an excuse for repressive regimes? - What are the side effects of digital sovereignty? How does digital sovereignty affect human rights? - Can the course chosen by the post-Soviet states isolate them from the Western Internet? - Why is the Internet regulated by the principles formed during the age of telegraph, telephone and radio? Isn’t it the time to start making changes? - Do we need to set up a new international digital convention presented by codified international standards and the online playing field and how should we do it?